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Any man that notices testicle lumps will usually feel panic at first. However, it is important to understand that testicle lumps do not necessarily mean cancer.
The testicles (testes) are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. They produce male sex hormones and sperm cells for reproduction.
Most guys have been faced with being racked in the cage when playing sports ... and all of us know it hurts.
There's nothing more agonizing than seeing somebody on T.V. getting one right where it counts .... immediately men around the world all sound out together with a "OH MAN that's gotta hurt."
Of course, since the "boys" are with us 24/7 ... we know what they look like and feel like when normal. That's why checking for testicle lumps must be done on a regular basis.
There are several possible causes for testicle lumps, many of which should cause very little concern.
Painful Testicle Lumps
Injury - will cause them to swell resulting in testicle lumps. This should not be a great concern, unless pain persists for several hours or blood is present in the urine. Should either of these occur, seek emergency medical are immediately.
Epididymitis - is the swelling of the epididymis, which is basically the connector for the testicle and the tube that carries sperm to the ejaculatory duct, which empties into the urethra. This usually occurs from bacteria being transferred from the bladder or urethra and is more common in men that are sexually active that are not monogamous or use condoms for protection. Epididymitis most often occurs due to the presence of gonorrhea, E. coli, or chlamydia.
Epididymitis, however, does not usually occur in which testicle lumps are only symptom. Men will usually run a fever, experience abdominal discomfort, pain during urination or ejaculation, and possibly have blood in their semen. Often, the testicles swell significantly and become very painful.
Mumps - often cause testicle lumps, as it results in the enlargement of specific glands.
Testicular Torsion - this is basically the twisting of the spermatic cord or testicle which causes the blood supply to be cut off to the testicle. This causes testicle swelling, which may be visible as a testicle lump. However, testicular torsions are very painful and are often accompanied by vomiting. Medical treatment must be sought immediately or severe damage to the testicle may occur.
Non-Painful Testicle Lumps
Hernia - because men typically have weak abdominal walls in the groin area, loops of bowel can sometimes protrude through causing a hernia. While hernias are not usually painful, they can cause testicle lumps if they move into the scrotum.
Hydrocele - sterile fluid may sometimes become trapped in the spermatic cord, causing a hydrocele within the scrotum. These are typically painless testicle lumps that feel as though they are filled with water.
Varicocele - much like a hydrocele, but it is a collection of blood instead of other fluid. These are similar to varicose veins and are caused by valves not working properly and blood backing into the vein as a result.
Testicle Cancer - is of course, one of the most frightening possible causes of testicle lumps. Testicular cancer sometimes causes swelling of a testicle, a dull pain in the lower part of the back or abdomen, testicular pain, or the development of breast tissue. However, it is also possible that there are no symptoms present with testicular cancer.
The presence of testicle lumps should not cause panic; however, they should be treated by a medical professional.
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